Advanced Courses in Public Administration and Disability
Supported and Affordable Housing:
Toward Inclusive, Equitable and Sustainable Communities
Posted: (c) 2013, January 12, 2018
Julie Ann Racino, Cornell University and Syracuse University
Community and Policy Studies
Fall Semester 2018
Class 1: Introduction to the Course, including Assignments and Syllabus
- Introduction to Disability Policy and the Universalizing of Public Policy
- Housing for All and the Americans with Disabilities Act
- Inclusive, Sustainable and Equitable Communities
Class 2: Housing and Support Status in Disability in the US
- Deinstitutionalization, Transinstitutionalization and History of Congregate Facilities
- Community Support and Independent Living Movements in US
- Trends and Milestones in Community Services (e.g., Smaller Homes, Homeownership, Families and Employment)
- Public and Low Income Housing vs. Mixed Income Housing Approaches
- Housing and Community and Economic Development
- Sustainable, Equitable and Inclusive US Developments
Class 3: Service System Delivery: Disability and Aging Systems in the US
- Categorical Service Delivery by State Departments and Unified Housing Departments
- Unified Aging System Exclusive of Disability at Younger Ages
- Housing, Public Health and Social Services Departments
- Facility-Based Service Delivery Systems in Disability to Decategorizing, Debundling, Braiding and Service Packages
- Categorical Service Delivery by State Departments and Unified Housing Departments
Class 4: New Approaches to Community Supported Housing in the US
Compared to New and Older Health Facility Approaches
From intermediate care facilities to institutional reclassification, assisted living facilities, nursing facilities, and rehabilitation facilities; home health care and personal assistance services; visiting nurses and practitioner programs; speech, communication, physical and occupational therapy, medication management, behavioral health services; casemanagement
Service Typologies, Continuum Critique, and Olmstead Most Integrated StandardFrom group homes to apartments and home services, supported housing and supportive living, independent living, cooperative apartments and associations, and villages and retirements communities; user-directed approaches and community service options; family support and education; afterschool activities; transitional housing; integrated apartment clusters
Class 5: Housing and Support: The Ideal Proposed in the 1990s
- Person-Centered Plans and Support Services (see, also, Great Britain)
- US Demonstrations on Money Follows the Person
- Family Cash Subsidies and Consumer-Controlled Budgets
- Choice, Empowerment and Self-Determination- The Basics: Selection of Own Home, Providers or Assistants, Portable Services
- Disability Categorical, Community Support, and Housing State and Local Planning
- ADA and Accessible Housing, Assistive Technology and Accommodations
Status in US Policy and in Europe: Developing Countries and Families
Class 6: Home Ownership and Rental in the US
- Harvard Joint Center on Housing and Public Policy and the National Council on Disability: State of the Nation's Housing
- Housing, Affordability, Housing Cost Burdens and Worst Case Housing Scenarios
- Local Communities and Public Housing, Home Ownership Program
- Role of Nonprofits in Housing: e.g., The Case of HELP
- Federal, State and Local Roles, including Poverty and Community Building
- Special Populations and Housing (e.g., HIV-AIDS, psychiatric disabilities, criminal backgrounds)
- Home ownership, Income integration, income disparities, and neighborhoods
International: Home and Land Ownership and the Status of Women
Class 7: Mid-Year Class Assignments
Class 8: Financing of Housing and Support in Disability
- Community and Development Block Grants
- Community Development Corporations
- Corporations for Supported Housing
- Commission on Affordable Housing and Health Facilities
- Housing Financing: Low income tax credit, National Housing Trust Fund, tax exempt bond financing, mortgage tax credit, housing choice vouchers, Section 8 construction, rehabilitation section 515, delinquent property tax collections
- Support Services Financing/Social Services Financing
- Health Care Financing (e.g., Home and community-based Medicaid waivers)
General Accountability Office, USA, 23 new reported programs
Class 9: Residential Segregation, Fair Housing and Discrimination
- Literature on Residential Segregation, Fair Housing and Discrimination in Housing
- Fair Housing Laws and Discrimination: Landlords Tenants, Developers
Disability: Fair Housing
- Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Section 109 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974
- Architectural Barriers Act of 1968
- Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 503 and 504)
- Title IX of the Education Amendment Act of 1972
Class 10: Inclusive Communities: Asset and Capacity-Based Approaches to Community Development
- John McKnight, Northwestern University, and Studies in Neighborhood, Residential and Housing Integration
- Inclusionary Zoning in the US (Department of Housing Preservation and Development)
- History of Site Selection in New York State and US
- Housing Integration in the US, Inclusion and Democracies, and New Gated Communities
- Sustainability and Green Initiatives in Housing, Transportation and Equity
- Worldwide Residential Segregation Studies of Cities: Waves of Immigration & Housing
- Capacity-Building and Social Networks in Local Communities and Neighborhoods (also, Negative Support)
Class 11: Housing Alliances and Coalitions: Legislation, Regulations, Financing, State and Localities
- Governmental Focused Alliances: Partnership for Sustainable Communities, US, 2012
- Government Officials - e.g.,National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials
- New Groups: Housing and Support Alliance, Great Britain, 2012
- Community Groups and Processes: Community Development Plans
- Longstanding Coalitions: Low Income or Affordability Coalitions
- Categorical Coalitions for Housing: National AIDS Coalition
Class 12: Quality and Evaluation of Housing and Support in US
- Quality Indicators in Housing and Services, National-USA
- Annual Housing Reporting and Statistics: US Housing and Urban Development Department
- Household Surveys, Disability Surveys, and State, Federal and Local Evaluations
- Real Estate and Housing Construction Industries
Class 13: Housing Laws in the US and their Administration
Partial List of Applicable Laws: Joint with School of Law
1949 Housing Act, Housing Act of 1959
1974 Housing and Community Development Act
1986 Tax Reform Act
1990 Cranston-Gonzalez Affordable Housing Act
1990 National Affordable Housing Act
1994 Continuum of Care and Homeless Funding
1998 Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act
2000 Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act
2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
2009 Obama: Helping Families Save their Homes Act
2009 Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act
2010 Frank Mellville Supported Housing Investment Act
Class 14: Class Papers
Report on Class Projects and Final Paper Submission.
Allard, M. (1996). Supported living policies and programs in the USA. In: J. Mansell & K. Ericsson, Deinstitutionalization and community living. London: Chapman & Hall.
Allen, M. (2004, March). Just like where you and I live: Integrated housing options for people with mental illness. Washington, DC: Bazelon Mental Health Center.
Americans with Disabilities Act, 1990, PL 101-336, 42 USC, Section 12101 et seq., 2008 Amendments
Anthony, W.A., Cohen, M., Farkas, M., & Gagne, C. (2002). Service systems. Psychiatric rehabilitation, 231-270. Boston, MA: Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Trustees of Boston University.
Biklen, D. (1991). Small homes. In: S. Taylor, R. Bogdan, & J. Racino, Life in the community: Organizations supporting people with disabilities. (pp. 94-104). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.
Boss, P., Doherty, W., LaRossa, R., Schumm, W.R., & Steinmetz, S.K. (2004/2009). Sourcebook of family theory and methods: A contextual approach. NY, NY: Springer.
Braddock, D., Hemp, R., & Rizzolo, M. (2008). Supportive living, family support, personal assistance assistance and supported employment. State of the states in developmental disabilities. Washington, DC: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.
Bratt, R.G. (2012). Homeownership policy in the US. In: R. Ronald & M. Elisinga, Beyond homeownership: Housing, welfare and society, 130-145. London: Routledge.
Carling, P. (1992). Housing, community, support and homelessness: Emerging policy in mental health systems. New England Journal of Public Policy, 8(1): 281-295.
Carr, J.H. & Kutty, N.K. (2008). Segregation: The rising costs for America. NY, NY: Routledge.
Carvelli, A. (2016, February 16). Letter to County Executive Anthony Picente from Commissioner of Finance on delinquent property tax collections. Utica, NY: Oneida
County Offices, County Legislative Chambers.
Consortium of Citizens with Disabilities. (2012). Housing task force: Final report 2012. Washington, DC: Author.
Cuomo, A. (2014). Chapter 3: HELP. In: A.M. Cuomo, All things possible: Setbacks and successes in politics and life (pp. 80-136). NY, NY: Harper Collins Publishers.
Galbraith, S.A. (1999). A home of one's own: what housing and social services can do to afford people the dignity and supports for personal housing. Washington, DC: President's Committee on Mental Retardation, Administration on Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services.
Habitat for Humanity. (2012). International housing statistics and research. Atlanta, GA: Author. Retrieved in October 2012 from:
Hagner, D. & Klein, J. (2005). Home ownership for individuals with disabilities. Journal of Disability Public Policy Studies, 15(4): 194-200.
Hemingway, L. (2011). Disabled people and housing: Choices, opportunities and barriers. Bristol, UK: Policy Press, University of Bristol.
Herbert, C.E, Belsky, E.S., & Apgar, W. (2012). Critical housing finance: Challenges for policy makers: Defining a research agenda. Boston, MA: Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University.
Hernandez, B., Balcazar, F., Keys, C. Hidalgo, M. & Rosen, J. (2006, Autumn). Taking it to the streets: Ethnic minorities with disabilities seek community inclusion. Community Development: Journal of Community Development, 37(3): 4-25.
Kretzman, J. & McKnight, J. (1993/2005). Discovering community power: A guide to utilizing local assets and your organizations's capacity. Evanston, IL: Asset-Based Community Development Institute, School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University.
Lakin, K.C. & Stancliffe, R. (2007). Residential supports for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Reviews, 13: 151-159.
Mace, R. (2001). Dedication to Ron Mace. In: W. Preiser & E. Ostroff, Universal design handbook, iii. NY, NY: McGraw Hill.
Massey, D., Condura, G.A. , & Denton, M.A. (1987). The effect of residential segregation on black social an economic well being. Social Forces, 66: 29-56.
National Council on Disability. (2010). State of housing in America: A disability perspective. Washington, DC: Author.
O'Brien, J. & O'Brien, C. (1994). More than a new address: Images of supported living agencies. In: V. Bradley, J. Ashbaugh, & B. Blaney, Creating individual supports for people with developmental disabilities. (pp. 109-140). Baltimore MD: Paul H. Brookes.
O'Hara, A. & Day, J. (2001). Olmstead and supportive housing: A vision of the future. Washington, DC: Center for Health Care Strategies, Inc.
Pynoos, J., Feldman, P., & Ahrens, J. (2004). Linking housing and services for older adults: Obstacles, options and opportunities. London: The Haworth Press.
Racino, J. (2013). Housing and disability: Toward inclusive, equitable and sustainable communities. Public administration and disability: Community services administration in the US. (pp. 123-156). NY, NY: CRC Press, Francis and Taylor.
Racino, J., Walker, P., O'Connor, S., & Taylor, S. (1993). Housing, support and community. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.
Rogers, E.S., Farkas, M., Anthony, W.A., Kash, M., Harding, M. & Oschewski, A. (2008). A systematic review of the supported housing literature, 1993-2008. Boston, MA: Center for Psychatric Rehabiltaiton, Boston University.
Schwartz, A. (2006). Housing policy in the US (2nd edition). NY, NY and London: Routledge.
Seekins, T. (2006). Introduction: Disability and community development. Community Development, 37(3): 1-3.
Targett, P.S. & Smith, M.C. (2009). Living in the community. In: P. Wehman & M. Smith, Autism and transition to adulthood. (pp. 233-250). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.
Technical Assistance Collaborative. (2012). Resource Center on Supported Housing. Boston, MA: Author.
Turner, M.A., Herbig, C., Kaye, D., Fenderson, J., & Levy, L. (2005, June). Discrimination against persons with disabilities: Barriers at every step. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
US Housing and Urban Development. (2007). Estimated assisted housing parameters using American housing survey data. US Housing Market Conditions, 5-12.
Watson, S. (1986). Women and housing or feminist housing analysis? Housing Studies, 1(1): 1-10.
Zola, I. (1989). Toward the necessary universalizing of disability policy. Milbank Quarterly, 67 ( supplement 2 Part 2), 401-428.
Additional references available upon request. Also, see, wikipedia, supportive living, supported housing, family support and community integration in addition to housing and housing policies.